In the coral reef ecosystem there is this nitrogen fixation that will help to support … About 500 million people around the globe rely on coral reefs for food, income, and coastal defense. However, coral reefs are deteriorating and dying at an alarming rate due to human and natural pressures that range from overfishing and degradation to ocean acidification and climate change. From the U.S. Geological Survey: Coral Reefs Provide Critical Coastal Protection. The main reasons coral reefs are important are because it is where most of the fish are. Many of the compounds now being used in human medicines, including some that treat cancer, are found on coral reefs, with probably many more yet to be discovered. These were developed from sponge extracts found in a Caribbean reef. They cover only 0.2 percent of the ocean’s floor, but more than one million species of fish, invertebrates, and algae can be found in and around the world’s reefs. Coral reefs offer important income sources for their human neighbors through tourism and fishing, which provide both subsistence and trade. Once coral reefs are damaged, they are less able to support the many creatures that inhabit them. Preserving the biodiversity of marine life is crucial because scientists believe they hold the key to finding new medicines in the 21st century—which is particularly important in light of the COVID-19 pandemic and potential future pandemics. Coral reefs play an essential role in everything from water filtration and fish reproduction to shore line protection and erosion prevention. Firstly, we get jobs from fishing. May 12, 2017 Why are coral reefs important. They protect coastlines from the damaging effects of wave action and tropical storms provide habitats and shelter for many marine organisms Coral reefs are home to hawksbills, which specialize in eating a handful of species of sea sponges. Those within close proximity of these areas derive much of their food directly from the waters. Coral reefs are able to prevent coastal erosion, flooding and even destruction of buildings. Reefs are home to a wide range of marine organisms. Data shows that more 275 million people live within 10 kilometers of coastline and 30 kilometers of coral reefs. Coral reef plants and animals are important sources of new medicines being developed to treat cancer, arthritis, human bacterial infections, Alzheimer’s disease, heart disease, viruses, and other diseases. Why the death of coral reefs could be devastating for millions of humans . Coral reefs are among the most important ecosystems on the planet. In the U.S. territory American Samoa, coral reefs play an important cultural role and supply over 50 percent of the fish caught locally for food. Why Coral Reefs Matter. This includes food from fishing, protection of coastlines from erosion, and even medical discoveries such as medicines for cancer. Some coral reef organisms produce powerful chemicals to fend off attackers, and scientists continue to research the medicinal potential of these substances. They support a huge amount of biodiversity and provide coastal protection from erosion. Fish, corals, lobsters, clams, seahorses, sponges, sharks, and sea turtles are only a few of the hundreds of thousands of creatures that rely on reefs for their survival. Reefs are home to a wide range of marine organisms. Coral reefs are also very important to people. Most coral reefs occur in shallow water near shore. From the, But in spite of their significant economic and recreational value, coral reefs are threatened by pollution and habitat destruction. Although occupying less than 1% of the Earth's surface, coral reefs are important to humans in many different ways. Coral Reefs: Their Importance to the Ecosystem. Reef-adjacent tourism—or everything that encompasses beaches, local seafood restaurants. Finally coral reefs have a significant intrinsic value. Fish, corals, lobsters, clams, seahorses, sponges, sharks, and sea turtles are only a few of the hundreds of thousands of creatures that rely on reefs for their survival. Unfortunately, people also pose the greatest threat to coral reefs. Why are coral reefs important? Coral growth and reproduction can be negatively affected by the impacts of human pollution. Healthy Corals are the foundation of our ocean’s food chain, from tiny plankton to the largest animals in the sea. Therefore, the health of coral reefs depends on sustainable human uses that promote economic development while protecting sensitive coral ecosystems and the creatures that reside there. Another benefits that we can get from coral reef is that it support human’s life because some plants that is living around the coral reef has a great benefits to support health problem. Coral reefs are an important food source for the people who live near reefs, and, as nurseries, are vital to the world’s fisheries. The trees trap sediment and pollutants that would otherwise flow out to sea. They provide coastal protection by minimizing the impact of the waves and weather on shore. Coral reefs are some of the most diverse ecosystems in the world. Coral reefs are often called the rainforests of the sea. Are they in danger? In this clip you will hear from a panel of scientific and community experts as they discuss the importance of coral reefs to billions of people around the world. Local Threats to Coral Reefs. Aside from their distinct beauty, coral reefs provide income and protection for us land dwellers. 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