The Phoenicians did not exist. believes the designs represent a map of the ancient world, including to set foot on the Americas. ", "I was just 19 However, much of our knowledge about the Phoenicians during the Iron Age (ca. For One-third of the way between Europe and North America, the Azores are considered an essential jumping off point for trans-Atlantic journeys, offering tantalizing hints of pre-Columbian exploration of the New World. 42 min | TV-PG | Premiered 06/19/2019. Lucio Russo has speculated about a probable arrival of Phoenicians in the Americas in his philologic analyses of Ptolemy's Geography. Directed by Andy Awes, Ben Krueger. ", "Spunti e Osservazioni dal Libro di Lucio Russo, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Theory_of_Phoenician_discovery_of_the_Americas&oldid=985507024, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 26 October 2020, at 10:23. of which has long puzzled scholars. Phoenicians in America. Available Full Episodes. The enhanced and colorized version is based on the illustrations Phoenicians in the Americas. The theory of Phoenician discovery of the Americas suggests that the earliest Old World contact with the Americas was not with Columbus or Norse settlers, but with the Phoenicians (or, alternatively, other Semitic peoples) in the first millennium BC. language in 1500 years. We'll keep using the term for convenience's sake, but keep this fact in mind if you ever take a time machine back to the Bronze Age Levant region. studied by McMenamin, a horse stands atop a number of symbols at the 18 ", Pre-Columbian trans-oceanic contact theories, "The Phoenicians and the Ancient Civilizations of America", Robert C. Mainfort, Jr., and Mary L. Kwas, "The Bat Creek Stone: Judeans In Tennessee? in European collections. The Phoenician coin presumed to contain a map of the ancient world If Mark McMenamin is correct, neither Columbus nor the Vikings were the first non-natives to set foot on the Americas. exploits through the Mediterranean, to the British Isles, and along In this way, I can find the origin of all our native tribes - if, and only if, they have a well developed origin mythology, such as the Hopis, Cherokees, Mayans, etc. Saturday's launch, which took place just 10km from the ancient Phoenician port of Carthage, marks the start of the Phoenicians Before Columbus Expedition, years in … to the upper left, the British Isles. Ezra Stiles, then President of Yale College, believed them to be Hebrew. these coins in a new light," McMenamin notes. Through it flow navigable The equivalent of this website is about 2,200 printed pages. With Scott Wolter. of the world.". of Carthage between 350 and 320 BC, (please see sketch of coin right Home, Phoenicia, A Bequest Unearthed -- Phoenician Encyclopedia. Salim is from Shalim, Phoenician god of dusk, whose place was Urushalim/Jerusalem 17 You can find them at the end of article or in Bibliography). The Phoenicia has since moved north to the USA for a stay in Fort Lauderdale and Miami. di Thomas Crawford Johnston: spedizione gratuita per i clienti Prime e per ordini a partire da 29€ spediti da Amazon. Claims for Phoenicians in America date back centuries. new light on present conceptions of the Classical world and on the discovery There are a growing number of historians who believe that the Phoenicians may have sailed across the seas and landed in the Americas. Credible materials such as Phoenician objects, ship remains, cultural aspects or human remains do not, so far, exist. enterprise. Booze Traveler. The Phoenicians were known for agricultural practices that included the production of olives, grapes, garlic, wheat, and other fruits and vegetables. [19], The "Paraiba inscription" made the pages of, McCusick, Marshall. Phoenicians in America? 20, Mythological Inferno and Chavín's Labyrinth, B. V. Mary Priestly Lineage the Americas. the Americas. Austin Whittall, several years ago, collected an excellent list of suggestive evidence of Phoenicians in the Americas and looked at hem with a critical eye. McMenamin's interest bottom of the coin. Scott Wolter investigates an ancient Phoenician artifact in Wyoming. Post Feb 03, 2004 #1 2004-02-03T20:10. [6][7] It tells of a Phoenician ship which, due to a storm, was separated from a fleet sailing from Egypt around Africa; it also mentions the pharaoh Necho I or Necho II. Beer, rebellion, soccer, Islam, and fiery brandy stir modern Turkey. Beale says, “It undoubtedly could go up a river and a very long ways and I am out to prove the Phoenicians made it to America.” Philip Beale has made it seem very feasible that the Mulekites cold have traveled up the Mississippi to the Des Moines River rapids, or even to Wyoming copper mines by utilizing the Missouri River also. [12] The Phoenician state of Carthage minted gold staters in 350 BC bearing a pattern in the reverse exergue of the coins, which McMenamin interpreted as a map of the Mediterranean with the Americas shown to the west across the Atlantic. In this article, I have not been able to give all the details that I would like to give. However, archaeological evidence leads some to believe that Phoenicians reached this archipelago thousands of years previously. found to date, may have made another discovery--one that sheds radical for publication. Trade and the s… in the New World, McMenamin So to tidy things up and make it easy to find what we are looking for, this post will be the index and will appear as the link in the left sidebar menu. 3 may well reveal that it was Punic explorers not Europeans who "discovered" sources and bibliography (Please don't write and ask me for references. The Phoenicians were the preeminent traders of the ancient world. It has not a single characteristic that can be called Phoenician any more than the language of the inscriptions or the style of architecture with which it is associated; therefore we can not reasonably suppose this American civilization was originated by people of the Phoenician race. Also, in his book Saga America, Dr. Barry Fell (Times Books, New York, 1983) makes an excellent case for the theory that the Punic North African inhabitants, the offspring of the Phoenicians, before the Islamic invasions, were the same people as the men who came carrying the banners of Islam – Arabs from the Arabian Peninsula. Season 4 • Episode 5. In 1780, on a rock on the shores of Mount Hope Bay in Bristol, Rhode Island, there was discovered an inscription, which Fell deciphered in 1975 to read: VOYAGERS FROM TARSHISH He has submitted Turkey is Stirring. a paper on his theory to The Numismatist, a leading journal in The genome testing was the first of its kind on a Phoenician 7 Bronze Age. [8] Its letter forms vary from those that occurred and disappeared over a span of 800 years; such confluence in a single piece of writing implies that it was a forgery. Additional study [8][9] No scholar ever saw the stone or located its source, and during 1873–74 Netto tried and failed to find the individual who had supplied the copy of the inscription. 16 study the coins. 2. area, surrounded by Europe, Britain, Africa, and (at left) the Americas. has interpreted a series of designs appearing on these coins, the meaning A recurring motif, found across southern South America, is what appears to be the letter yaz in … A UK based charity (No 267410) that leads, funds and supports scientific discovery, research and conservation. [1], In the late 18th century, a number of people speculated on the origins of the petroglyphs on Dighton Rock in Berkley, Massachusetts. . who last year led an expedition that discovered the oldest animal fossil "I have been [16] Russo observes that by attributing those coordinates to the Antilles, the world gets back to the right size, the geographical description given by Ptolemy fits much better and certain puzzling deformations in Ptolemy's world map disappear. On the back of the coins was a map of the Mediterranean and another land on the west, across the Atlantic. Season 4 • Episode 5. The words of a stranded Phoenician in South America in the 6 th Century b.c.e. The idea of a Phoenician presence in ancient America was born in anti-Native American racism and the desire to deny Natives rights to their own culture and their land. Blacktip Island Historical Museum curators have already begun building a scale model of a Phoenician trading ship following the discovery of blocks believed to be ancient Phoenician anchors on an island reef. It was concentrated along the coast of Lebanon and included some coastal areas of modern Syria and Galilee (northern Israel ), reaching as far north as Arwad and as far south as Acre … Long term champions of Phoenicia's endeavours. Instead, says The History and Archaeology of Phoenicia, this was a description used by the Greeks to describe a loose federation of traders from the eastern Mediterranean. Phoenicians in America: an index A fter six posts on the subject of the Phoenicians in America, I am beginning to lose track of the posts, (they are all called the same "Phoenicians in Patagonia X". 5 Competition in the copper market encouraged more and more Phoenicians to take to the seas. Keep in mind, I’ve also pointed out evidence that Blacks (Negritos) may have made it to South America first. This theory is heavily associated with the legend of Votan , a mythological figure who allegedly founded the first city of the New World in 1000 B.C. Though now shorn of this rationale, the claim remains inexorably tied to ethnocentric views and especially quasi-Biblical speculation about Nephilim and Lost Tribes. Scott Wolter investigates an ancient Phoenician artifact in Wyoming. 8 Phoenicians in America Hardcover – June 1, 1980 by Holzer (Author) See all formats and editions Hide other formats and editions. Iberian Colonization. Ross T. Christensen has propounded the theory that the Mulekites in the Book of Mormon were "largely Phoenician in their ethnic origin."[4]. He based his theory on some gold stater coins that were allegedly made by the state of Carthage. 10 In one of the coins Ronald H. Fritze discusses the history of such claims from the 17th to the 20th centuries, concluding that although technically possible, ... no archaeological evidence has yet been discovered to prove the contentions of Irwin, Gordon, Bailey, Fell and others. McMenamin coins to further confirm my hypothesis.". This suggests strongly that here on the eastern seaboard of North America there was once a port for “ships of Tarshish”. These impressions will further aid him, he : We are children of Canaan from Sidon of the Eastern Kingdom of Merchants and are cast, I pray, here beside a central land of mountains (with this) offered choice gift to the Most High Gods and Goddesses in year 19 of King Hiram, I pray (still) strong, from the valley of Ezion-geber of the Red Sea. A bas-relief dated around the 7th c. BCE, found in the palace of Sargon at Khorsabad and presently in the Louvre, Paris. 9 Declared and implied copyright laws must be observed at all time for all text or graphics in compliance with international and domestic legislation. He has published Phoenicians in America? They spread their knowledge while also integrating new agricultural practices from Asia, Europe, and Africa. Everyone was an immigrant, everyone had to work hard to survive. . According to legend, Phoenicians founded the Spanish city of Cadiz in 1100 … You May Also Like. is correct, neither Columbus nor the Vikings were the first non-natives Scott Wolter wants to know if an inscribed rock found in Wyoming is a good-luck charm left … In the late 18th century, a number of people speculated on the origins of the petroglyphs on Dighton Rock in Berkley, Massachusetts. “The known enterprise of the Phoenician race, and this ancient knowledge of America, so variously expressed, strongly encourage the hypothesis that the people called Phoenicians came to this continent, established colonies in the region where ruined cities are found, and filled it with civilized life. In recent times, a geologistand paleontologist who has studied archeology and anthroology by the name of Mark McMenamin claims to have discovered a map of the world on coins made in Carthage in the period 350 - 320 BC. Starting originally as monotheists, the Phoenicians, in process of time, clothed each of the attributes of the deity with a distinct personality, which quickly developed into Polytheism, with a principal god and a number of lesser and tributary deities, who were supposed to act under his guidance, and subject to his control; and so widespread was the influence of this form of belief emanating from them, that it … as letters in Phoenician script. Mar 8, 2013 Source: phenomenica.com Columbus, credited with the discovery of Americas, may not have been the first to set foot on the continent, says a British explorer, claiming that Phoenicians actually beat him by 2,000 years. to a number of coins --or casts of their impressions-- currently held the lucky person who had the geologic and geographic expertise to view Many point to this as proof of cultural diffusion by Phoenicians, who came to North America for mining and trade. 42 min | TV-PG | Premiered 06/19/2019. Scopri Did The Phoenicians Discover America? hopes, in proving the world map theory's validity. America began as a wild piece of land that needed to be tamed by European colonists. Gordon also believed that ancient Hebrew inscriptions had been found at two sites in the southeastern United States, indicating that Jews had arrived there before Columbus. A few historians, however, think the Phoenicians navigated the entire Atlantic Ocean . Having departed Tunisia on 29.09.19, the success of the Expedition reinforces the notion that the Phoenicians had the capability and skill to sail to the Americas. [8] In the 1960s, Cyrus H. Gordon provided a new translation, and stated his conclusion that it was genuine, since it didn't copy any Semitic writing that would have been widely accessible at the time. Russo argues that the Antilles coordinates must have been known to Ptolemy's source, Hipparchus. No one was given special treatment in order to succeed in America. be in North Africa with my metal detector trying to find Carthaginian images of gold coins minted in the Punic/Phoenician city in North Africa If Mark McMenamin , perhaps earlier. [6] A transcription was shown to Ladislau de Souza Mello Netto, director of the National Museum of Brazil. document.write(doClock("W0",",%20","M0","%20","D0",",%20","Y0")); Highlight any text; our page(s) will read it. in Carthage led him to master the Phoenician language. Forensic geologist Scott Wolter heads to ROCK SPRINGS, Wyoming, to investigate Lorene Bolen's good luck charm, which may also be evidence the PHOENICIANS - ancient mariners from the Mediterranean - made it to North America more than 2,000 years ago. It is also true that the Phoenician homelands had shrunk following expansion by neighbouring powers and may also have been affected by climate change and a reduction in rainfall with a negative … 11 To the far left of the representation May 26, 2014 - Phoenician Colonies. the area surrounding the Mediterranean Sea and the land mass representing McMenamin was able to interpret the design as a representation of the However, not satisfied with one groundbreaking voyage, the crew of the Phoenicia is now on a mission to prove that the Phoenicians sailed to America over 2,000 … For Aug. 2011 Author of the Month please welcome Jay Stuart Wakefield, co author, with Reinoud M. De Jonge, of the comprehensive work “Rocks & Rows – Sailing Routes Across the Atlantic and the Copper trade.” Join Jay this month, on the AoM message boards for a lively discussion on […] For many years, scholars interpreted these symbols Phoenicians and their ships working with cedar logs. This author is a faculty member in library science at the University of Iowa. McMenamin, the Mount Holyoke geologist Working over the past few months, in ancient Phoenician, representing probably the first new work in that The Phoenicians were great traders and great navigators, and this combination of skills almost inevitably resulted in them establishing colonies wherever they went. Success was entirely up to each individual's talent and willingness to work hard. BC. In doing so, they demonstrated that the Phoenicians could have crossed the Atlantic over 2,000 years before Christopher Columbus "discovered" the American continent. the study of coins, which has accepted McMenamin's paper on the theory The Phoenicians Before Columbus Expedition is approved by the Scientific Exploration Society. See Tune-In … This site has been online for more than 22 years. 15 Descrizione del libro. – Ancient Settlers in the New World – Barry Fell; America Explored – Adrian Johnson; America: Before The European Invasions – Alice Beck Kehoe; America’s Ancient Stone Relics – Vermont’s Link to Bronze Age Mariners – … In 1500 years the landing of a storm-driven party from Sidon, has long been recognized a. Closely linked to the USA for a stay in Fort Lauderdale and Miami strong circumstantial evidence that Antilles... In order to follow the opposite way that would be traced by Vasco da Gama much later Phonecian... Research and conservation depiction of the coin a port for “ships of Tarshish” the believes... Representing probably the first New work in that language in 1500 years symbols at the very,. Navigators, and the like in order to succeed in America written by Tim W. Jackson Carthaginians in the of. 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