), Cedric’s and Lola’s fingernails. You can see that example 1 refers to a group of people, while example 2 refers to many peoples. link to Fancy Meeting You Here: Meaning and Usage, Families or Family’s: When to Use Possessive Form, The Oxford Dictionary of English Etymology, -oo- in the middle of the word becomes -ee-. To show possession with a singular noun, add an apostrophe plus the letter s. Examples: a woman’s hat; the boss’s wife; Helen’s house The same rule applies to how we show the possessive for a proper noun, such as a person’s name. In the case of a plural noun that ends with “s,” you show the possessive by adding only an apostrophe (‘) to the end of the word. : Rescue groups and individuals have come forward stating that the animals they gave PETA were healthy and adoptable. The general rule is that the possessive of a singular noun is formed by adding an apostrophe and s, whether the singular noun ends in s or not. Answer. the child’s toy. This can’t be right!”. But it also applies to the irregular pattern plurals we discussed above (source). Use the apostrophe to show possession. If two people own something together, as a couple, use only one apostrophe. Learning more about how plurals are formed in English — and the exceptions to the rules — may help. eval(ez_write_tag([[300,250],'strategiesforparents_com-large-leaderboard-1','ezslot_4',124,'0','0']));report this adSupport Strategies for Parents by visiting our ‘Recommendations’ page and using the affiliate links in our articles to shop. We speak about one person but many people. Just use an apostrophe for these! To get it right, you need to understand what a possessive is. \'The president\'s official airplane\' is one example. ), the women’s lipstick-stained teeth (The lipstick-stained teeth belong to the women. Many common nouns end in the letter s (lens, cactus, bus, etc.). The context of the sentence (all ten jack-o-lanterns) makes clear the fact that more than one pumpkin is rotting away. To show possession with a singular noun, add an apostrophe plus the letter s. Examples: a woman’s hat. Hillary and Bill Clinton’s daughter (Chelsea claims both of them as her parents.) C. The Halloween decorations are decaying, especially the pumpkin’s teeth. To get it right, you need to understand what a possessive is. For instance, a picture of her and Cesar's house could refer to a photo of "her" in front of the house that Cesar owns or a photo of the house that she and Cesar co-own. For example: Indigenous peoples have close connections to their ancestral lands and traditions. ). B. It is plural, but teeth doesn’t end with the letter s. Teeth is an irregular plural. How to Show Possession with Proper Nouns, How to Show Possession for Nouns That End in S, How to Show Possession for Nouns That End in. You’ll also notice that the verb bring changes to brings, and is changes to are when we use the plural forms. Why Is the Question Mark Upside Down in Spanish? No one is ever quite sure where to put it. Since individual is singular not plural, you would use an apostrophe before the letter s, not after. Apostrophes for possession show that a thing belongs to someone or … When a noun is singular, we show the possessive by adding an apostrophe “s” (‘s) onto the end of the noun . You’re probably thinking, “Wait, I thought the word people was plural already, so why the extra  ‘s’? →  The person’s hat. The plurals of most English nouns — anything greater than one — already end with the letter s. To show ownership, all you do is add an apostrophe after the s. Take a look at these examples: ten gerbils’ tiny teeth (the tiny teeth belong to ten gerbils), many dinosaurs’ petrified teeth (the petrified teeth belong to a herd of dinosaurs), a thousand sword swallowers’ sliced teeth (the sliced teeth belong to a thousand sword swallowers). To make a regular plural noun possessive, you should add only an apostrophe at the end as it already ends in -s. We use the apostrophe as a normal apostrophe but add it after the last “s.” You don’t add another “s” after the apostrophe. Examples. The possessive form is used with nouns referring to people, groups of people, countries, and animals. Take a look at these same phrases — with the same meaning — using apostrophes: All of these phrases include nouns that express ownership. →  Those people’s houses. eval(ez_write_tag([[300,250],'strategiesforparents_com-large-mobile-banner-1','ezslot_11',650,'0','0']));As with most cases, rules have exceptions, and the important exception to this rule would be the possessive form of the word it. Task No. This means when it becomes possessive, it gets the same treatment as its singular form. The two ships’ lights shone through the dark. Cedric carved all ten jack-o-lanterns, and he can’t bear to throw them away. Possessive nouns often replace the of phrase too. Bob and Carol’s house Exception: Add the apostrophe to both items to show individual possession. If you can insert of into the sentence, you may need an apostrophe. If two people own something together, as a couple, use only one apostrophe. The word peoples is an even more irregular anomaly of the English language. the boss’s wife. → Warren’s television. In contrast, peoples’ is the possessive of the word peoples — used to refer to groups of people. Individuals use it to refer to indigenous or pre-colonial populations defined by culture, ethnicity, or language (source). Avoid possessive pronouns (mine, yours, hers, ours, theirs) in such constructions. For example, when Chris Matthews and Keith Olbermann hosted a single post-election show, we referred to it as Chris Matthews and Keith Olbermann’s post-election show. The shoes belong to the men. If the noun is plural, or already ends in s, just add an apostrophe after the s. Ratrug carries around a nutrition chart and a scale and weighs every scrap of food he eats. What happens when two single people own something? A. Lulu told Lola that Lochness needs a years work on his gum disease. Think of the apostrophe as a little hand, holding on to an s to indicate ownership or possession. Example: The girl's bicycle Commentary: The apostrophe indicates that one bicycle belongs to one girl. Hillary and Bill Clinton’s daughter (Chelsea claims both of them as her parents. Cedric carved all ten jack-o-lanterns, and he can’t bear to throw them away. Possessives are used to show ownership; to show that something belongs to someone. However, one group of pronouns does NOT add an apostrophe to form the possessive. In English, the possessive form is a way of showing ownership. If the plural noun shows ownership, do add an apostrophe after the s (for regular plurals). Lv 5. You still need to deal with plural owners. We use possessive nouns when talking about something which belongs to people, animals, places, organizations, buildings etc. In these examples, you notice that the apostrophe is used to show that a singular noun owns something (aunt’s, pen; bar’s fine wines). It should be mentioned that compound possessives are often clunky as well as confusing. In fact, learners only need to decide whether the possessive noun (the possessor, which, by the way, can also be a name) is singular or plural and whether or not it ends in -s in its written form. To show ownership for an irregular plural, add an apostrophe and then the letter s (teeth’s). Apostrohpe, Genitive, Possessive, English Online Exercise. B. Lulu told Lola that Lochness needs a year’s work on his gum disease. Here are the rules of thumb: For most singular nouns, add apostrophe+s: Sona Digital Media also participates in affiliate programs with Bluehose, Clickbank, CJ, ShareASale, and other sites. the lawyer’s fee. The Halloween decorations are decaying, especially the pumpkins’ teeth. For example, for the word girls, add an apostrophe at the end of the … WRONG: The gnu’s gnashed their teeth when they heard the news. Sona Digital Media LLC is a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for sites to earn advertising fees by advertising and linking to Amazon.com. “His” would be the correct possessive form of the pronoun “he,” but the subject of this sentence is “she.” “Her’s” is incorrect, and is not an actual word. 0 0. Until the 18th century, the apostrophe … Note that even when the singular noun ends in “s,” we still add both the apostrophe and another “s.” For example: The wheels belong to the bus. → The men’s shoes. eval(ez_write_tag([[300,250],'strategiesforparents_com-medrectangle-3','ezslot_1',644,'0','0']));English grammar can be highly technical and confusing, but some simple rules will help you understand and remember when to use the correct word for your sentence. With the of method, you note, the sharp tooth of the crocodile = the crocodile’s sharp tooth, the peanut-stained tooth of the elephant = the elephant’s peanut-stained tooth. \'The president\'s official airplane\' is one example. The hat belongs to the person. In English, the possessive form is a way of showing ownership. In sentence C, the apostrophe is placed before the s, showing a single pumpkin. The television belongs to Warren. →  This person’s dog. Unlike, say, a school's mascot , which is uniquely associated as being owned by the school (as a sort of branding), a school project is typically something that individuals do as a part of their school work. Answer: Sentence B is correct. A. To give you an idea of how to run the “of test,” here are some phrases that express time: one week’s tooth cleaning = one week of tooth cleaning, a year’s dental care = one year of dental care. Sentence B is correct because Lochness needs a year of work on his mouth. 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