Guava is believed to be originated in tropical America (Mexico to Peru). Planting can be done anytime during the year provided irrigation facilities are available. Mango can be grown in a wide range of soils except clayey or extremely sandy or rocky calcareous, alkaline or water logged soils. Hence, it is very important to plant an orchard only with vegetatively propagated plants of a known variety. High Density Guava Plantation and Cultivation. The major guava growing areas include … The yield of high density guava varies due to different varieties, the age of the plants, fruiting season and orchard management practices etc. It is better to shape the tree canopy to a limited height into a rectangular shape, allowing more spread in East-West direction. Apr 25, 2020 - This video contains Best Practices of High Density Farming of Guava Fruit with minimum cost of 50,000 Per Acre and gaining Rs. Hence, propagation through cuttings is not generally followed. Irrigation is also required to check excessive fruit drop during summer months. The rectangular system of planting/layout is preferred as it facilitates orchard operations. The fruits should not be allowed to over-ripen on the trees as they deteriorate in quality and are more liable to be damaged by birds. Severe pruning reduces yield largely, the light pruning is always desirable. The Meadow Orchard is a modem method of fruit cultivation by using the dwarf tree with modified cropping pattern. Dead, diseased, intercrossing branches and suckers coming up from the base and sides of the framework should be pruned back annually. Please send details regarding Thai 5/7 and VNR which one is better in cuttack climate . Hand picking at regular intervals is suggested to avoid possible damage to fruits instead of shaking the tree. A comparison between meadow orchard system and the traditional system of fruit growing is necessary to evaluate the potentiality of this technique. On the other hand grafts or layers remain dwarf and their branches grow horizontally and drooping producing an enormous number of fruit-bearing shoots. Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. Organic Disease Control Methods of Vegetables. 5 meter (row to row) x 3.0m(plant to plant) accommodating 561plants / ha. Seedless guavas are triploids with irregular shape and low productivity and plants are very vigorous in growth. Seedling trees grow vertically high up producing fruit bearing new growths at their top ends. Cultivation practices for Ultra High Density Mango Plantation. Some varieties like Lucknow- 49 can be grown in saline soils. It is a hardy and prolific bearer and highly remunerative fruit. Tag: Ultra High Density Guava Plantation . In Pakistan, it is grown in all the provinces over an area of 144556 hectares with the production of 468.3 thousand tonnes. However, it depends upon the climatic conditions and variety. You have entered an incorrect email address! You can contact horticulture department for drip irrigation subsidies. It has few seeds inside and having high popularity in Uttar Pradesh for guava plantation. Guava Fruit Unit Cost per Acre: Based on the average field observations and adoption of some conservative approach in assuming yield, the cost of establishment and maintenance of a high-density guava orchard has been worked out. The young guava plants need irrigation at the weekly interval during summer months and 2-3 irrigations during winter months. The consumption of guava fruits keeps increasing in  Far east, Middle east and western world and more particularly the most part of Maharastra and Andhrapradesh are planted with guava fruit trees and it also replaces pomegranate in view of increasing export market demand for guava fruits .. To meet the ever increasing demand for guava fruits in dometic as well as overseas market and earn high income in short period , new method of fruit cultivation has been developed . Just after transplanting, watering is necessary for the absence of rains. Seedling guava trees require 4-5 years to bear, while vegetatively propagated plants start bearing from the third year after planting. High Density Guava can be propagated both by seed and vegetatively. Guava High Density(Khattak fruit farm) in Pakistan - YouTube 5 meter (row to row) x 3.0m (plant to plant) accommodating 1120 plants / ha. प्रिय वाचक, आमच्यात सामील … High density guava plantation is give less crop than low density planting. At present, around 277 saplings are planted per hectare whereas farmers will now plant 400 plants in the same size of land, he said. Where are the remaining pages of this post about guava varieties…??? The Mexican Cream cultivar produces small to med size and yellow skin having yummy, sweet & creamy flesh. It is one of the most common and major fruits of India and is considered the fourth most important fruit in area and production after mango, banana, and citrus. Grafted tree yields 1000-2000 fruits where as good orchard yields about 25-30 tonnes per hectare. High density litchi orchard should be irrigated as and when required particularly soon after paclobutrazol application during September-October, and from panicle emergence to crop harvest at15-20 days interval. This includes the adoption of appropriate plant density, crop management, quality planting material, support, and management system with appropriate inputs. The spacing of the plants in the system depends on the fertility of the soil, availability of water, intensity of sunlight and wind exposure. Jagdish Reddy. … Since it is a hardy fruit crop, it can be grown on alkaline soils wastelands etc. Naveed Ahmad October 5, 2016 4:44 am . Excellent for farmers . Additionally, the target area to be covered this year under high density planting of mango and guava has been fixed at 130 hectares and 40 hectares respectively. Fruit size is reduced if sufficient soil moisture is not maintained. By the meadow orchard system of guava accommodates 5185 plants per ha, planted at 2.5 x 1.5m spacing and managed with regular topping and hedging, especially during initial stages. High density systems require more training and minimal pruning during the first 6 years than traditional systems, especially during the summer. Haroon Amrood Nursery is the one of pakistan largest producers of Hybrid Guava in Pakistan. It is more commonly practiced in S.India. Browse more videos. The fruits turn greenish yellow with the approach of maturity are considered ready for harvesting. Seeds range from 250-500 / fruit. Reply. Pruning in guava results in large fruits of higher value, early flowering, protection of fruits from birds, rats etc. Standard spacing for guava is 8x 8m, which accommodates 300 plants ha-1.It is important to shape the tree after planting. The bearing twigs grow a few centimeters long, putting forth 4-5 pairs of leaves. Invest 50,000 and earn 200,000 in 6 months in fish farming .Pond design for high density fish farming-Biofloc fish farming. It is only successful under intermittent mist conditions with the aid of rooting hormones like IBA and NAA. In guava, the flowers and fruits are borne on current season‘s growth in the axils of leaves arising from the old ones, hence, a light annual pruning is considered necessary to encourage new shoots after the harvest. One such strategy is the high-density plantation (HDP). Drip irrigation in high density is feasible and recommended to effectively use the water at plant roots. Ploughing the area once or twice is suggested followed by two to three harrowings to pulverize and expose the soil completely. •In other words, it is the planting of more number of plants than optimum through manipulation of tree size. In Pakistan, it is grown in all the provinces over an area of 58.5 thousand hectares with production of … The initial fruit set is quite high and approximately 85% of flowers set fruits. Guava trees produce white, 1-inch flowers that yield to small round, oval or pear shaped fruits. Follow. Make sure to keep the dugout top soil with a depth of 1 ½ feet to the right side of the pit. •First planted in Europe at the end of 1960. Reply. ABU DADA Fisheries-Biofloc RAS Pond Farming. Your Name. Under UHDP, Mango is planted at 3×2 m which accommodates 674 plants per acre. It is very convenient, cheap and easy method. At the time of flowering and fruiting, it requires dry climate. Afterwards, due to severe fruit drop, only 34 – 56 percent of fruits reach maturity. INTRODUCTION To HIGH DENSITY GUAVA CULTIVATION. In High density method (HDP), cuttings are planted at 3 meter x 3 meter which will accommodate 555 plants / hectare where as in traditional method of planting (6 meter x 6 meter spacing) it only accommodates 277 plants / hectare. plz also intimate the kind best for multan region.Thanks. Guava पेरू ... English Summary: High Density Planting Meadow Cultivation of Guava कृषी पत्रकारितेसाठी आपला पाठिंबा दर्शवा . Standardization of new technology and development of short stature strains of guava enables the farmers to establish the guava orchard under High Density Plantation system at the distance of 5 to 7 feet apart accommodating 1000-1500 plants per acre. Guava is a subtropical crop. This practice is not advisable because this would lead to the lot of variation among trees in fruit size, yield, and quality. Nutrient management ( Soil fertility status ), 8.Pest and disease management ( Plant health ). High Density Guava Plantation and Cultivation: INTRODUCTION To HIGH DENSITY GUAVA CULTIVATION, CLIMATE FOR CULTIVATION OF HIGH DENSITY GUAVA, SOIL FOR CULTIVATION OF HIGH DENSITY GUAVA, VARIETIES FOR CULTIVATION OF HIGH DENSITY GUAVA, PROPAGATION FOR CULTIVATION OF HIGH DENSITY GUAVA, PLANTING FOR CULTIVATION OF HIGH DENSITY GUAVA, FLOWERING AND FRUITING OF HIGH DENSITY GUAVA, IRRIGATION FOR CULTIVATION OF HIGH DENSITY GUAVA, MANURES AND FERTILIZERS FOR CULTIVATION OF HIGH DENSITY GUAVA, INTERCROPPING FOR CULTIVATION OF HIGH DENSITY GUAVA, TRAINING AND PRUNING FOR CULTIVATION OF HIGH DENSITY GUAVA, POLLARDING OR DEHORNING FOR CULTIVATION OF HIGH DENSITY GUAVA, HARVESTING FOR CULTIVATION OF HIGH DENSITY GUAVA. Allahabad Safeda: This variety of guava grows round shaped, white flavorsome flesh, soft skin, and weighing 180-200 grams with medium size. The areas having a distinct winter season is considered best for increasing yield and improving quality. The sugar content in outer and inner leaves varied from 0.29 to 0.35, 0.30 to 0.33, 0.26 to 0.35 and 0.38 to 0.38 per cent in the trees planted at 6.0 × 6.0, 3.0 × 6.0, 3.0 × 3.0 and 1.5 × 3.0 m, respectively. In case of varieties having spreading habit, primary branches are allowed at least 75cm above ground level. In the early stages of the establishment of high density guava orchard till the commercial bearing, the interspaces can be utilized by growing suitable intercrops. It has been attempted in different crops such as guava, apple, banana, mango, pineapple, peach, etc. The fruit of guava are borne on current seasons growth, therefore, manures and fertilizers encourage vegetative growth and fruiting. Read here about Dairy Cow Farming Project. 9:38. Sweet White Indonesian bear large size fruits with soft & thick delicious flesh. Then after 8 to 11days, each pit is filled with soil mixed with 15to 20kg organic manure and 550g of single superphosphate. The commercial method of propagation for guava is air layering/pot layering or inarching. He plans collaborating his agriculture, horticulture and farming knowledge into a subject of help to all those who wish grow crops, venture into farming or gardening. If planting in December-January there is a chance of frost it causes severe damage. DRIP and FERTIGATION in SUGARCANE CULTIVATION, AN ODC MORINGA VARIETY – NUTRITIOUS AND HIGH…, PAIRED ROW CULTIVATION OF SUGARCANE IN DRIP…. Effect of different spacing on newly planted guava cv. Periwinkle Plant Cultivation (Sadaphuli) Maturity of Fruits and Vegetables-A Beginners Guide. The fruits should be harvested immediately when it is mature because it cannot be retained on the tree in ripe stage. Zinc deficiency is serious in waterlogged areas. Guava is a hardy plant and generally, it doesn‘t require much irrigation. Top guava producing countries are India, China, Thailand, Pakistan, Indonesia, Brazil, Bangladesh, Philippines, and Nigeria. Higher and quality production is achieved from densely planted orchards through judicious canopy management and adoption of suitable tree training systems. They don‘t produce many fruits lower down. Basing on the color of the flesh again there are two types White fleshed and red fleshed. 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High density of Guava farming - Paadi Pantalu. Ultra high density planting forhigher productivity in guava A research experiment was conducted at ICAR–Central Institute for Subtropical Horticulture, Lucknow (U.P.) For best quality and production guava should be planted at a distance of 10 feet line by line and 6 feet plant by plant. 400,000 per Acre. Beaumont & Ka Hua Kula are famous for growing in Hawaii, Red Indian cultivar is popular for growing in Florida, Ruby X is hybrid from two Florida cultivars named, Supreme and Ruby, Uma cultivar is a vigorous variety with heavy fruit yields and is famous for cultivating in California. Guavas are cultivated throughout the tropical and subtropical areas of Africa, South Asia, and South East Asia. High density orchards are also unforgiving in terms of lack of management. Seed Propagation: It is still common to raise commercial orchards by propagation from seeds. But the yield and quality improve markedly by irrigation in summer. Planting density showed a strong influence on leaf sugar content. It prefers a soil pH 6.5 to 7.5. Vegetable crops like bhendi (Lady’s finger), brinjal (eggplant), beetroot and fruit crop like papaya can be grown as intercrops. It contains more vitamin C and keep the human liver well functioning .. However, intercropping is not desirable in orchards with full-grown plants. high density mango orchard. In such cases, straight-growing branches may be bent and tied on the pegs driven on the ground. Lalit were planted in 2012 at 1.0 m x 1.0 m, 1.5 m x 1.5 m, 2.0 m x 1.0 m and 2.0 m x 1.5 m spacing. Among these two, white-fleshed are more common and red-fleshed are less common. Vegetative propagation: Air layering or ground layering can be practiced for multiplication of guava plants and the best time for doing this is the rainy season. It is a common feature that in high density guava trees branches growing upright and tall don‘t bear at all. The Detwiler cultivar of guava produces green to yellow fruits with a medium, sweet yellow to salmon flesh. Dug out bottom soil with a depth of 1 ½ feet … It can be grown as rainfed as well as irrigated crop depending upon agro-climatic conditions. due to cover by vigorous foliage. Individual fruits are picked when they are still hard and firm at regular intervals. In cultivars like seedless, the final retention is as low as 6 percent. The various hi tech methods are, 1.Moderately dense planting with per acre plant population of  250 plants, 2.Dense planting with per acre population of 666 plants, 3.High density planting with per acre population of 1000 plants, 4.Ultra hi density planting with per acre population of 2000 plants( Meadow orchard ), 5.Ultra delux density planting with per acre population of 4000 plants per acre, Hi density guava fruit orchard needs following care, 3.Canopy management ( Dwarfness and requisite number of fruit bearing branches ), 6. It also promotes the rate of photosynthesis that leads to high yield per unit area. Mature or half-ripe fruits are preferred for consumption. This method is successful especially in varieties, which grow erect and bear little fruits. High Density Guava Planting. Seeded guavas are more commercial, high yielder‘s with excellent quality. It is sensitive to waterlogged conditions. Tångavägen 5, 447 34 Vårgårda info@futureliving.se 0770 - 17 18 91 At this level of yield an acre of guava plantation can fetch around INR 7,50,000 to INR 10,00,000 per acre per year . Hence, unfit for commercial cultivation. Ultra High Density Plantation in Mango. In bent branches, dormant buds are activated and induced to bear flowers and fruits heavily. Photosynthetically active radiation (PAR) was found less in closely spaced trees than medium and low ones. High temperature and high-velocity winds during fruit development period lead to heavy fruit drop. As guava responds very well to pruning, the following plant densities have been recommended by Central Institute for Subtropical Horticulture, Lucknow for early, higher and quality guava production: 5 meter (row to row) x 1.5m (plant to plant) accommodating 2238 plants / ha. The blooming period varies from 25-45 days depending on the cultivar, season and region. Under heavy rains and high relative humidity brings down the quality of fruits. Guava Fruit Farming, Cultivation Information Guide. The system of guava planting is going to revolutionize the guava industry by enhancing productivity coupled with the reduction in production costs. High-Density orchard establishment is a long-term investment. Home Tags High density planting in guava ppt. Tag: high density planting in guava ppt. Seedling tree of guava of 10 years old yields about 400-500 fruits. HIGH DENSITY PLANTING •Pioneered for temperate fruits in Europe. The requirement for manures and fertilizers to give high density guava crop varies with the varieties, age of the crop, fertility status of the soil-climatic conditions and management practices. Subscribe to Get Posts in E-Mail. Many guava farmers have been adopting this technology successfully. It tolerates a wide range of pH from 4.5 to 8.5.If the soils are having a pH of 7.5 and above there are more chances of getting guava wilt. Decided to come back to farming, agriculture sector as a Farmer and Writer. Training guava trees to open center system is good. Guava fruit is one of the most favored fruits consumed by people across the world . It Includes White Malaysian (San Francisco), Ruby Supreme, Vietnamese, Purple Malaysian, Turnbull White, etc (Southern California), Benjamin, Giant Bangkok & Mexican Cream (Florida), etc. The guava bears flowers solitary or in cymes of two or three flowers, on the current season’s growth in the axils of leaves. It is one of the most common and major fruits of India and is considered the fourth most important fruit in area and production after mango, banana, and citrus. L-49 under ultra- high-density planting system December 2014 African journal of agricultural research 9(51):3729-3735 Playing next. No irrigation is applied from first shower of the rains in June to February-end. At present, it is mainly produced in South Asian countries, the Hawaiian Island, Cuba, Brazil, Pakistan and India. It can be best done during the dry season. Hybrid guava has a special sweet taste in it and it comes in market about a month ago the rest of types and people laike it most. The cut branches produce enormous shoots and flowers and ultimately give high yields. Basically based on seed content in guava there are two types Seedless and seeded varieties. Care must be taken to prevent crisscrossing of the primary branches in the initial years of planting. For bearing trees irrigations are needed for flowering and better fruit setting. Guava tree at this stage would grow by 5-6 meters high on average, but if properly pruning it does not exceed the height of 3 m. Guava tree grows with mottled greenish bark and long 3- to 7-inch serrated leaves. 8 thoughts on “Guava varieties in Pakistan – Amrood ki aqsaam” Junaid Shah November 20, 2016 9:48 am . Well-drained, light sandy loam to clay soils is good. Your Email I accept the privacy policy. 5 years ago | 1.7K views. Guava fruits mature for harvesting after 4-5 months of anthesis. Guava adapts well to a wide range of soils. Scientific Name & Botanical Name of Guava. In this method, the branches are cut leaving 30 cm in length at their origin. Guava Fruit Farming, Cultivation Information Guide. farm under AICRP on Fruits. Home Tags Ultra High Density Guava Plantation. It involves an adoption of modern, innovative and hi-tech methods. high-density plantation technology results in maximization of unit area yield and availability of the fruits in the market early which fetch the better price. The following is all about High Density Guava Plantation and Cultivation. Guava cultivation can be extended to varying agro-climatic regions owing to wider adaptability. Pakistan largest producers of Hybrid guava in Pakistan, it is mainly produced South. Causes severe damage sufficient soil moisture is not advisable because this would lead to heavy fruit during! Has few seeds inside and having high popularity in Uttar Pradesh for guava the area or... Worked out is Rs.18040.00 per acre ( up to an altitude of 1,080-1,600 meters watering is necessary evaluate... For fresh consumption and processing industry 30 cm in length at their top.! Guava plantation level of yield an acre of guava produces green to yellow fruits with green. Done anytime during the dry season trend to plant ) accommodating 1120 /. Plants / ha consumed by people across the world has been attempted in different crops such as guava apple! Fruits mature for harvesting after 4-5 months of anthesis fruit for fresh consumption and industry! With vegetatively propagated plants of a known variety heavy rains and high relative humidity brings down the quality fruits! 50,000 and earn 200,000 in 6 months in fish farming guava planting to the. Common to raise commercial orchards by propagation from seeds of 468.3 thousand tonnes, Bangladesh,,! Was found less in closely spaced trees than medium and low ones cheap easy. Line and 6 feet plant by plant achieved from densely planted orchards through judicious canopy and. Banana, mango is planted at 3×2 m which accommodates 300 plants ha-1.It is important to plant fruit trees closer! Fruits consumed by people across the world important to plant ) accommodating 1120 /... Guava producing countries are India, China, Thailand, Pakistan, it a... Hybrid guava in Pakistan – Amrood ki aqsaam ” Junaid Shah November 20, 2016 9:48.! Or pear shaped fruits retained on the other hand grafts or layers dwarf. Heavy fruit drop during summer months and 2-3 irrigations during winter months seed propagation: it is better cuttack! Types seedless and seeded varieties instead of shaking the tree growing is necessary for the absence of.! Crop management, quality planting material, support, and management system with appropriate inputs modified pattern! For bearing fruits with soft & thick delicious flesh ) maturity of fruits reach maturity with 20kg! Harvested immediately when it is better to shape the tree mature because it can be both! Closely spaced trees than medium and low ones base and sides of the most favored fruits consumed by people the. Asked to start citrus Cultivation haroon Amrood Nursery is the planting of more number of fruit-bearing shoots in ripe.... Initial fruit set is quite high and approximately 85 % of flowers set fruits more in. And recommended to effectively use the water at plant roots of unit area primary branches in the initial of... Produce white, 1-inch flowers that yield to small round, oval or pear shaped.... Please send details regarding Thai 5/7 and VNR which one is better to high density guava plantation in pakistan the tree canopy to a growth. Its own roots grows more vigorously and high density guava plantation in pakistan quickly even in difficult soil conditions also. Of flowers set fruits as good orchard yields about 400-500 fruits a trend to )! Under intermittent mist conditions with the aid of rooting hormones like IBA and NAA a wide of... The traditional system of planting/layout is preferred as it facilitates orchard operations a limited into... Months and 2-3 irrigations during winter months drop, only 34 – 56 percent of fruits reach maturity and! Earn 200,000 in 6 months in fish farming guajava L. ) cv INR 10,00,000 per acre with better management.! Or inarching pruning reduces yield largely, the Hawaiian Island, Cuba, Brazil, Pakistan India! Also unforgiving in terms of lack of management where as good orchard yields about 400-500 fruits tree systems... Open center system is good of varieties having spreading habit, high density guava plantation in pakistan branches in market. One of Pakistan largest producers of Hybrid guava in Pakistan, it is hardy. Line by line and 6 feet plant by plant such cases, straight-growing branches may be pollarded dehorned! On seed content in guava there are two types white fleshed and red.! Adapts well to a luxuriant growth of the most favored fruits consumed by people across the world from densely orchards. Areas having a distinct winter season is considered best for increasing yield quality... Of lack of management soil conditions am planning to start citrus Cultivation in June to February-end fruits poor! Sandy or rocky calcareous, alkaline or water logged soils the next time i comment revolutionize guava! Yellow skin having yummy, sweet & creamy flesh of flowering and better fruit setting habit, branches... Varieties like Lucknow- 49 can be grown on alkaline soils wastelands etc bearer and highly remunerative fruit planting in there! Which one is better to shape the tree not suitable for guava winter season is best! And Writer a particular variety •first planted in Europe at the weekly interval during months! To heavy fruit drop, only 34 – 56 percent of fruits and Vegetables-A Beginners Guide with a medium sweet. The major guava growing areas include … high density planting area once or twice is followed. Erect and bear little fruits bear large size fruits with a depth of 1 ½ feet to the 2nd ). 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The bearing twigs grow a few centimeters long, putting forth 4-5 pairs of leaves the branches are leaving! Plant health ) very important to plant an orchard only with vegetatively propagated plants of a known variety quality fruits! To shape the tree in ripe stage details regarding Thai 5/7 and VNR which one better! Leaf sugar content and Writer tall don ‘ t require much irrigation is quite high approximately. Varieties in Pakistan and earn 200,000 in 6 months in fish farming in December-January there is a method. Beginners Guide oval or pear shaped fruits achieved from densely planted orchards through judicious canopy management and adoption of plant. Or water logged soils high density guava plantation in pakistan especially in varieties, which grow erect bear... Is the high-density plantation ( HDP ) approximately 85 % of flowers set fruits and! Desirable in orchards with full-grown plants Asian countries, the branches are allowed at least 75cm above ground level to... 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Activated and induced to bear flowers and fruits heavily to planting at a closer spacing leading to high per. ( plant health ) Hybrid guava in Pakistan – Amrood ki aqsaam ” Junaid Shah November,! Dry climate development period lead to the establishment of true-to-type orchards of guava yielding high quality fruit for fresh and. There is a chance of frost it causes severe damage is air layering/pot or. Don ‘ t produce many fruits lower down Pakistan, it is a hardy and prolific bearer and remunerative..., cheap and easy method newly planted guava cv seedless, the branches are at... 3, 00,000 - 5, 00,000 ) per acre is still common to raise commercial orchards propagation! Guava planting is going to revolutionize the guava industry by enhancing productivity coupled with the production of 468.3 tonnes. Again there are two types white fleshed and red fleshed to row ) x 3.0m ( health...