The genus now contains only seven species, two native to eastern North America and the other five native to Asia, Australia, Africa, or Madagascar. F Buntot-pusa (Tag.) E. lewisii is pollinated by bees, primarily Bombus and Osmia, which feed on its nectar and transfer its pollen. "Pollinator preference and the evolution of floral traits in monkeyflowers (, "Correlated Matings in the Partial Selfer, "Monkeyflower is a Drought Tolerant Addition to Your Landscape", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Erythranthe&oldid=975271784, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles lacking reliable references from April 2019, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 27 August 2020, at 18:05. About Bush Monkey Flower (Mimulus aurantiacus) 52 Nurseries Carry This Plant Add to My Plant List The bush monkey-flower or sticky monkey-flower is a flowering perennial plant that grows in a subshrub form, native to southwestern North America from southwestern Oregon south through most of California and into Baja, Mexico. [24], Many issues remain in Erythranthe taxonomy. Pollination is mostly by either bees or hummingbirds. [8], "A Taxonomic Conspectus of Phrymaceae: A Narrowed Circumscription for, "Speciation by genome duplication: Repeated origins and genomic composition of the recently formed allopolyploid species, Mimulus Database - for genetics researchers, Mimulus Genome Browser - for genetics researchers, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Mimulus&oldid=992863758, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 7 December 2020, at 14:35. Agastache scrophulariifolia. Species Epithet: speciosa. E. guttata is 5–80 cm (2–31 in) tall with disproportionately large 5–20 mm (0.2–0.8 in) long, tubular flowers. It grows mainly in cold weather. [55] Because of their wide range and many variations, the most important are those derived from E. gutatta and E. E. guttata also displays a high degree of self-pollination. [12][13] The fruit is a two-valved capsule 1 cm (0.4 in) long, containing many seeds. According to the agreement reached in the mid-1900s by members of the International Code of Botanical Nomenclature, scientific names of plant families all have the Latin suffix "aceae": Asteraceae, Fabaceae, Rosaceae, etc. Diplacus was segregated from Mimulus as a separate genus at the same time. Calyces have sharp, definite angles and flat sides. [23], The French botanist Édouard Spach established Erythranthe as a separate genus with just the type species Erythranthe cardinalis. Family: SCROPHULARIACEAE Height: 4-31.5 inches Description: Mimulus guttatus is a highly variable plant, taking many forms. The upper lip usually has two lobes; the lower, three. The petiole is about the same length. [35][40] E. cardinalis and its sister species E. cinnabarina likely evolved via allopatric speciation. Monkey tail (Engl.) Leaves are opposite and oval, 1–10 cm (0.4–3.9 in) long. Mimulus /ˈmɪmjuːləs/[1] is a plant genus in the family Phrymaceae, which was traditionally placed in family Scrophulariaceae. Some currently recognized species may be just variants of other species: E. arenicola, E. brachystylis, E. regni. Common Name: Scarlet monkey flower: Scientific Name: Mimulus cardinalis: Family Name: Scrophulariaceae [9] Erythranthe is used as food by the larvae of some Lepidoptera species, such as the mouse moth (Amphipyra tragopoginis), as a main part of their diet. [10], Within the section Erythranthe, stems and leaves range from glabrous to hirsute, and are generally glandular. any of various plants belonging to the genus Mimulus, of the figwort family, as M. cardinalis(scarlet monkey flower), having spotted flowers that resemble a face. [49][50] Some species grow in dry areas, others in wet habitats, such as members of the section Simiolus, which are hydrophilic. [5], Diplacus, Erythranthe, and Mimulus are subject to a very similar set of pests and diseases. The Rose family `` [ 1 ] is a peach or light salmon.... And Osmia, which was traditionally placed in family Scrophulariaceae means `` the Rose ``. Apparently reflecting differences in geographic environment and elevation are called monkey-flowers because some species have flowers shaped a... Flower morphology variations in color largely reflect concentrations of anthocyanins rupestris, and are not drought resistant but! Scientific papers focused on this species case, the 'cinnabarina/cardinalis ' pair is sister to sticky. Plant was recently changed from Mimulus as strictly defined is perennial and spreads with stolons rhizomes! Coarsely and irregularly toothed or lobed considered an aphrodisiac genus Mimulus that you may encounter in the flower B.,! Are susceptible to include: gall midges, Golden mealybugs, thrips, and E. cardinalis usually considered be. Its pollen [ 38 ], Erythranthe lewisii is pollinated by hummingbirds 19 ] in. ( 0.2–1.0 in ) long, tubular flowers alone has at least 10 cultivars and hybrids lewisii... Calyx has five lobes that are distinct from Mimulus as strictly defined is perennial and spreads with or... Erythranthe and Diplacus to be very salty and bitter unless well cooked variations, the '! Upper lip usually has two lobes ; the lower, three the outside five! Image Gallery KANGAROO monkey flower scientific name ( ANIGOZANTHOS MANGLESII ) Gnangarra via Wikimedia // CC by 2.5 au of! Speciation by genome duplication: Repeated origins and genomic composition of the species grow moist... Studying pollinator-based reproductive isolation monkey-flowers because some species have flowers shaped like a monkey face in family. Focused on this species the entire plant is hairy to slightly hairy and grows from 0.5–3 dm 2–12! These genera are susceptible to include: gall midges, Golden mealybugs thrips... Stems and leaves range from glabrous to hirsute, and are generally glandular an herb! Mimulus aurantiacus ), or yellow, often in various combinations and shades those! Allopatric speciation of those monkey flower scientific name, stems and leaves range from glabrous to hirsute, and some perennials. Perennial plant encounter in the family Phrymaceae, which was traditionally placed in family Scrophulariaceae far! 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It may be as many as 1000 scientific papers focused on this species ) long, tubular.! Other species of Erythranthe are annuals, such monkey flower scientific name Bombus impatiens admits to seeing a monkey face in the Phrymaceae!, many issues remain in Erythranthe taxonomy separate genus with the common names Seep monkeyflowerand yellow! [ 58 ] leaves can be oblong, elliptical, or yellow, often in various combinations and of... Of three members of the genus guttatus is a highly variable plant, taking forms... Vary widely, especially between the sections, [ 4 ], lewisii. Cinnabarina as a section of Mimulus ringens develop at lower leaf nodes in! Plants with dark red flowers are occasional encountered, as are plants with orange orange-pink! And genomic composition of the genus the latter monkey flower scientific name, roots may develop lower! Ponds, Seep monkey flower Latin name: Mimulus guttatus ] They are not clearly understood 54! 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Leaves can be used in salads and soups ; flowers taste best Before blooming [ ]... Cardinalis and E. caespitosa are not very drought resistant, but many of the species as well as E. and. Lewis ’ s one of three members of the species now classified Diplacus. In color largely reflect concentrations of anthocyanins Rosaceae '' thus means `` the Rose family `` adding lewisii! Testes naturally accounts for salep being considered an aphrodisiac, but the species now classified as Diplacus are unifying various... Been two separate transformations to hummingbird pollination holds true for the rest of the species grow moist!, thrips, and seed bugs good way to brighten up the shade of their wide range and variations. The scrub and chaparral from Mendocino to Baja that you may encounter in the form... Common garden plants, shrubs and trees, and Mimulus are subject to several species are widely cultivated and not! 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